Patient Education

Procedure Descriptions:

  • Ablation Therapy
    a type of minimally invasive procedure used to remove abnormal tissue that occurs with some heart conditions, blood vessel (vascular) conditions, reproductive conditions and cancer. Doctors may perform procedures using catheters inserted through an artery. Imaging techniques are usually used to guide ablation. Doctors injure or destroy (ablate) abnormal tissue using heat (radiofrequency ablation), extreme cold (cryoablation), lasers or a chemical. Ablation therapy may spare healthy tissue and lower the risks and discomforts of open surgery. Patients may have a shorter hospital stay and a faster recovery compared to open surgery.
  • Angioplasty
    opens blocked arteries and restores normal blood flow to your heart. It is done by threading a catheter through a small puncture in a leg or arm artery to the heart. The blocked artery is opened by inflating a tiny balloon in it.
  • Aortic Angiography
    a procedure that uses a special dye and x-rays to see how blood flows through the aorta, the major artery leading out of the heart, and through your abdomen.
  • Cardiac Catheterization (Heart Cath)
    physicians specialized in Interventional Cardiology use catheters (thin, flexible tubes) that are inserted into blood vessels and guided to the heart to “see” any problems and open clogged arteries. Catheters can be used to improve blood flow in clogged arteries by inserting and expanding balloons into blood vessels (percutaneous coronary intervention or PCI) and implanting or deploying devices called stents, which help to keep blood vessels open. Catheterization procedures can enable patients to avoid more complex heart surgery.
  • Cardioversion
    if your heart has an irregular (uneven) beat or is beating too fast, cardioversion is a way to restore a regular rhythm. Abnormal heart rhythms are called arrhythmias.
  • Coronary Angiogram
    a procedure that uses x-ray imaging to see your heart’s blood vessels. Coronary angiograms are part of a general group of procedures known as heart catheterization. During a coronary angiogram, a type of dye that’s visible by an x-ray machine rapidly takes a series of images (angiograms), offering a detailed look at the inside of your blood vessels.
  • Dexascan
    a Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scan is a common technique used to measure bone density. It is completely painless, easily performed, and exposes the patient to minimal radiation.
  • Echocardiography
    an echocardiogram (echo) is an ultrasound of the heart. It shows the internal structure, and how the blood flows through it. The echo measures the size and shape of the heart, how well the valves are functioning, how the left and right side communicate, and the velocity of the blood leaving the heart. An echo is used to detect heart diseases such as coronary heart disease (blockages in arteries of heart), valvular heart disease (damaged heart valves), pericardial disease (damaged sac surrounding the heart), and congenital heart disease (heart defects present from birth).
  • Electrocardiography
    an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) is a test that checks for problems with the electrical activity of your heart. An EKG shows the heart's electrical activity as line tracings on paper. The spikes and dips in the tracings are called waves.
  • Holter Monitor
    a battery-operated portable device that measures and tape records your heart's activity (ECG) continuously for 24 to 48 hours or longer depending on the monitor used. The device is the size of a small camera. It has wires with silver dollar-sized electrodes that attach to your skin.
  • Intracoronary Stent
    a medical device that is placed inside the arteries to increase the width of blood vessels. This is accomplished by placing a small cylinder shaped mesh stent into the arteries using a medical procedure called angioplasty.
  • Lipid Panel
    also known as a lipid profile, a lipid panel is a blood test that measures fats and fatty substances known as lipids, which are used as energy in your body. If levels become too high and unbalanced, lipids can build up in the artery walls to form plaque, which can obstruct blood flow through the arteries and increase cardiovascular disease and stroke risks. The basic lipid panel measures total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. A more extensive panel also includes VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein), ratio of total cholesterol to HDL, and ratio of LDL to HDL.
  • Myocardial Perfusion (Nuclear Stress Test)
    myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is a non-invasive imaging test that shows how well blood flows through (perfuses) your heart muscle. It can show areas of the heart muscle that aren’t getting enough blood flow. It can also show how well the heart muscle is pumping.